Version 2a, November 2017, M McLaren
(acknowledgements to AR Sanderson [v0.a] & A Swain [v0.b])
P.U.M.A. withholds the right to alter any of the rules contained herein at its own discretion.
The purpose of this document is to provide a single source of all of the relevant rules and regulations for all domestic P.U.M.A. competitions. This document has been produced with the intention that it will be available to officials, instructors and competitors alike as a reference source.
A separate document is provided for PUMA Open Competitions
The Little P.U.M.A. competition typically involves three events:
Upon arrival at the event, Little P.U.M.A.s are checked in at the Little P.U.M.A. table and issued with a name badge, which also allows their ages to be readily identified. In all events, Little P.U.M.A.s will be separated into divisions based upon their height.
See Section 5. Junior High-Kick.
Little P.U.M.A. Drill is a chance to show the technical aspect of Taekwon-Do in a competitive environment. It is a sequence of movements performed in a set routine.
In the Little P.U.M.A. drill event, two competitors will compete simultaneously. They will perform the Little P.U.M.A. drill (see Section 2.3.2.) to at least three judges. Upon both competitor’s completion of the drill, the judges will indicate to the centre official who the winner was by writing the result down on the draw sheet. To avoid emotional upset, competitors and their parents are not made aware of individual results. The winner will then progress to the next round. If numbers allow, each division will be awarded one first (1st) place, one second (2nd) place and two third (3rd) place medals/trophies.
Below is the Little P.U.M.A. competition drill:
In this event, competitors are encouraged to bring a drawing/painting/collage or any other artistic creation to the event. These will be judged in age divisions by a senior P.U.M.A. official. The theme for Top Draw will be notified to instructors prior to each event.
The Patterns event is a chance to show the technical aspect of Taekwon-Do in a competitive environment.
Divisions are first split by age, into junior, adult and veteran, and then grade. These divsions are then split by gender, into male and female. It should be noted that divisions can be merged on the day, at the discretion of the top table, if low numbers require it.
In a patterns round, two competitors compete simultaniously. Permitted patterns are prescribed beforehand (see Section 3.4.). The competitors will bow to the judges (of which there are typically five, but three is also permissable) and inform the centre official of their choice pattern. Upon completion of the pattern, the competitors will be called back to their starting position. The centre judge will then call for the judges to indicate their choice of competitor to proceed to the next round. The referee will indicate the overall winner based on the judges votes.
In the event of a draw, the competitors will perform a pattern designated by the centre judge, appropriate to both grades. In this circumstance the centre judge should advise the other judges that they should not score a draw between the competitors, so that a clear winner can be identified.
In the final of a black belt division competitors must perform their choice pattern followed by a pattern designated by the centre judge ranging from Chon-Ji to the patterns of grade. The winner will then be decided based on the two patterns seen by the judges in that round.
The pattern a competitor may choose depends on the grade division they are in and is indicated in Table 3.1. Competitors are expected be be familiar with all of the movements even if they have just recently achieved their grade.
|P.U.M.A. 1 – 9 th kup||Saju Jirugi 1 or 2, Saju Makgi or Chon-Ji|
|8 th & 7 th Kup||Chon-Ji or Dan-Gun|
|6 th & 5 th Kup||Do-San or Won-Hyo|
|4 th & 3 rd Kup||Yul-Gok or Joong-Gun|
|2 nd & 1 st Kup||Toi-Gye or Hwa-Rang|
|1 st Degree||Choong-Moo up to Gae-Baek|
|2 nd Degree||Eui-Am, Choong Jang, Juche or Ko-Dang|
|3 rd Degree +||Pattern applicable to current grade|
The event of sparring is, in its different forms, open to all students of all ages and appropriate grade. There are three types of sparring available at P.U.M.A. events, and the type a competitor will compete in depends on their age and grade as shown in Table 4.1 below. See also Table 4.2 in Section 4.10.
Table 4.1 – Sparring available to competitors at domestic P.U.M.A. competitions, by age and grade
|Age Category||Grade||Sparring Type|
|Junior||Junior 10 th kup, P.U.M.A grade 1, 2 and junior 9 th kup||Bully Bob|
|Junior, Cadet, Adult||8 th Kup up to and including 5 th Kup||Point Stop|
|Junior, Cadet, Adult||4 th Kup and above||Continuous|
|Veteran||8 th Kup and above||Point Stop|
To ensure the safety of all competitors, P.U.M.A. requires that all competitors engaged in sparring wear safety equipment as described in Sections 4.2.1 and 4.2.2. Should a competitor not have the correct equipment, they will not be permitted to spar. P.U.M.A. is not obliged to offer a refund in such cases.
When competing in Bully Bob sparring, the following items of sparring equipment are compulsory:
• Head guard
• Foot pads
• Forearm guards & Elbow guards
The following items of sparring equipment are compulsory for all competitors competing in either point-stop or continuous sparring:
• Foot pads
• Shin pads
• Forearm guards
• Non-weighted closed-finger gloves (only official P.U.M.A. gloves are allowed)
• Gum shield
• Head guard (open-faced)
Groin guards are compulsory for males and optional for females. Chest guards are optional for females. Competitors who compete in spectacles should be encouraged to wear protectors , but not full face protection.
Head guards must not be full face. Some spare gloves will be available from the Top Table on the day. Hand wraps under gloves are not permitted.
The purpose of Bully Bob sparring is to provide a safe introduction to tournament sparring for juniors. In this event, two competitors will compete simultaneously. Each competitor will have a dedicated “Bully Bob” (static target dummy), which will be placed on a mat. Each competitor will have 45 seconds to demonstrate sparring-style techniques against the dummy.
Each round will be judged by at least three judges and presided over by a referee. The judges will mark competitors on (in no particular order):
• Work rate
• Range of techniques used
• Difficulty of techniques used
• Use of combinations
• Use of both hands and feet
• Use of both sides of the body
• Movement/footwork around target
• Attacking legal target areas
• Speed of techniques
If the dummy is knocked over, then the referee will reset it. However, this will result in the loss of a point.
The winner from each round will progress to the next round until a first (1st), second (2nd) and two third (3rd) place competitors have been determined.
Point-stop sparring is open to all competitors between 8th kup and 5th kup (inclusive). The purpose of point-stop sparring is to allow competitors with less sparring experience to compete in a structured and controlled event.
In this event two competitors, one blue and one red, will spar each other for 1 minute 30 seconds . The bout will be controlled by a referee who will also score the contest along with a mirror judge and a line judge. The object of the event is to strike legal target areas on an opponent in a controlled manner, using correct techniques. Legal target areas, deductions/disqualifications and scoring techniques are discussed in Section 4.6 and 4.7 respectively. The referee will pause the bout if a foul or disqualification is given (see Section 4.8). The referee may also pause the bout if the mirror or line judge see and indicate a point scored. If any two officials indicate the same score the referee must award it . Scores will be displayed on the table. After any pause the referee will return the competitors to the centre of the ring and continue the bout. The timing of the bout will only be paused if the referee explicitly indicates “Time”, or at the discretion of the Time Keeper if the referee is dealing with an injured competitor. The competitor with the most points within the allotted time, or the first to get to 10 points (regardless of time) will be declared the winner. The winner will then progress to the next round. In the event of a draw, the scores will be reset, and competitors will spar for an additional 30 seconds, after which time the scores will be noted again. If this too results in a draw, the competitors will fight for a ’golden point’. That is to say that the bout will continue until a competitor scores a point that is scored by at least 2 of the officials. There will be one first (1st), one second (2nd) and two third (3rd) place medals/trophies awarded (if numbers allow).
Although nominally positioned along the line of the ring table, line judges should change their position as required to obtain the best view of the competitors, but they should also try and remain in the vision of the centre referee. They should never obscure the line of vision from the referee to the ring table.
Continuous sparring is open to all competitors holding the grade 4th kup or above. The purpose of continuous sparring is to allow competitors with more experience to compete in a more freestyle event. In this event, two competitors will spar each other for 1 minute 30 seconds for coloured belts and 2 minutes for black belts , one will be indicated as blue, the other as red. The bout will be presided over by a referee, and scored by four corner judges. The objective of the event is to strike legal target areas on their opponent in a controlled manner, using correct techniques. The corner judges will record the number of points scored by the competitors. The referee will pause the bout if a warning, foul or disqualification is given (see Section 4.8). After the time has elapsed, the referee will call both competitors back to the centre of the ring. The corner judges will indicate who has the most points, by holding up red or blue ribbons. Two (2) points are awarded for a win and one (1) point for a draw. Five (5) points are required for a win . In the event of a draw, the referee will ask the judges to reset their point recorders, and the competitors will spar for an additional 30 seconds. Should this too result in a draw, a decision on who has won will be made by the referee . The winner will then progress to the next round. There will be one first (1st), one second (2nd) and two third (3rd) place medals/trophies awarded (if numbers allow).
In any type of sparring the following are the only areas which it is permitted to attack:
• the front, sides and top of the head
• the front of the torso (i.e. between the belt and the neck; sides of the torso (between the armpit and the belt)
Attacking any other part of the opponent will result in warning, minus points or disqualification (depending on the severity of the offence, as judged by the referee).
Any attack with the foot is allowed. Straight punches, back fists (including spinning), knife hands and reverse-knife hands are also allowed. Controlled hooks and upper-cuts are also allowed . It should be noted that any unsighted techniques, where the competitor is not looking at the target as they strike, are not allowed. No other part of the body may be used as an attacking tool when sparring. Competitors are expected to exercise the appropriate level of control when performing techniques. The appropriate level will be determined by the referee, but is generally defined as ‘ touch contact ’.
|Points Awarded||Target Area||Technique|
|1||Mid section||Hand Attack|
|1||High section||Hand Attack|
|2||Mid section||Foot Attack|
|3||High section||Foot Attack|
Note: There are no additional points awarded for jumping or spinning techniques
Warnings can be awarded throughout the bout by the referee, with any three (3) warnings for a competitor resulting in one (1) point removed from their score at the end of the bout.
Warnings are only issued for continuous sparring, NOT point stop sparring.
Fouls can be awarded throughout the bout by the referee and the competitor given a minus point, applied at the time of committing the foul. In addition to those listed below the Referee retains the right to escalate any warning to a foul to ensure fair competition and the safety of all competitors.
Disqualifications can be raised throughout the bout by the referee and will result in the competitor being disqualified from competing. In addition to those listed below the Referee retains the right to disqualify a competitor who continues to commit the same foul to ensure fair competition and the safety of all competitors.
|Warning (continuous sparring only)||• Loss of balance – any part of the competitor, other than the feet, touching the floor• Travelling – both feet of a competitor leaving the ring, either both feet out of the ring, or one foot out of the ring and the other off the floor.• Unintentionally attacking a target other than the legal targets mentioned in 4.6• Excessive contact **• Talking whilst Sparring• Boasting / Pretending to score a point by celebrating• Turning the back• Pushing|
|Foul||• Intentionally attacking a target other than the legal targets mentioned in 4.6• Uncontrolled or unsighted techniques• Attacking a fallen opponent• Sweeping an opponent’s leg• Excessive contact **• Holding/grabbing|
|Disqualification||• Misconduct against officials or ignoring instructions• Being under the influence of alcohol or drugs• Loss of temper• Excessive contact **• Insulting an opponent, coach or official• Biting, scratching• Attacking with the knee, elbow or forehead|
If a competitor is injured during a bout the referee must stop the bout and call for medical attention. From the time the paramedic is in front of the injured competitor they have three (3) minutes to diagnose and treat any wounds and decide whether the competitor is fit to continue the bout.
If the paramedic decides the competitor is unable to continue the winner of the bout will be:
• The injured competitor; if the injury is the fault of their opponent
• The opponent; if the injured competitor is at fault
• The opponent; if it is deemed fault cannot be placed and the injured competitor cannot continue.
The injured competitor will not be permitted to compete again until the paramedic is content for them to continue. This may be after a set period of time, or after the paramedic has reviewed the injury. A competitor who refuses to accept the paramedic and/or referees decision will be disqualified from the event. If both competitors are injured at the same time the winner will be decided by judge’s points.
If an injured competitor is unable to continue by the time their next bout is ready to commence then that bout is awarded to the opponent of that bout.
Competitors competing in Bully Bob sparring will have their own, separate, division. Competitors aged 7 and up will be split into divisions based on their age on the day of the competition: junior, cadet (red and black belts only), adult and veteran. These can be found in Tables 4.2, 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5.
Table 4.2 – The age divisions and their inclusive ages
|7-17||Junior 10 th kup, P.U.M.A grade 1, 2 and junior 9 th kup||Bully Bob|
|7-15||8 th kup and above||Junior|
|16-17||8 th kup to 3 rd kup||Junior|
|2 nd kup and above||Cadet|
It should be noted that those who qualify as veterans have the option of competing as an adult or veteran, but not both. Veterans who choose to spar as an adult will compete in continuous sparring, those who spar as veterans will compete in point-stop.
The following tables show the height and weight divisions for all competitors. Some categories may be combined on the day of the competition due to low numbers. This will at the discretion of the organising committee and the affected competitors. If the competitor is in the highest division, and therefore the only division possible for them to join is for a lighter division, the competitors from the lighter division will be given the choice (in private) to veto the inclusion of the heavier competitor. Should this be the case, the heavier competitor will receive the medal/trophy from the now defunct division without sparring. Any competitor moving division will have the option to withdraw from the competition but will not be entitled to a refund for that event.
Table 4.3 – The sparring divisions for all junior competitors
|170 cm +|
Table 4.4 – The sparring divisions for all cadet competitors
|<45 kg||<50 kg|
|<51 kg||<56 kg|
|<57 kg||<63 kg|
|<65 kg||<70 kg|
|65 kg +||70 kg +|
Table 4.5 – The sparring divisions for all adult and veteran competitors
|Colour Belts||Black Belts|
|<57 kg||–||<57 kg||<58 kg|
|<63kg||<64 kg||<63kg||<64 kg|
|–||<72 kg||–||<70 kg|
|<70kg||<80 kg||<70kg||<76 kg|
|70 kg +||80 kg +||70 kg +||80 kg +|
The High-Kick event is only open to competitors aged 14 or below who hold a coloured belt. High-Kick is a test of accuracy and flexibility when kicking. Each competitor takes turns to kick a foam ball. After each round the ball is raised. The winner is the last competitor able to successfully kick the ball. In the High-Kick event only one gold medal is awarded per division, except where a draw is achieved. No silver or bronze medals will be awarded.
Juniors will be grouped prior to the event, based on the height given on their entry form. Heights will be checked on the day, and competitors will be moved to the correct division should they have been entered into the wrong category or grown. Males and Females will be competing in mixed groups of similar heights.
The event will begin with the foam target at a low setting. In each round, each competitor remaining will be allowed only one kick attempt. A kick attempt is defined as any movement when the competitor is on the mat, which results in the foot being raised above their own waist. If the competitor is successful, then they will progress to the next round.
In the event of a tie in a division (defined as having two or more competitors able to hit the target at a set height, but nobody able to hit a height higher than that), the first step is to repeat the lowest un-hit height an additional time, and then again if there is still no winner (making three attempts at that height in total). If no winner is determined, the next step is to drop the height back down to the highest previously hit height. This height should be repeated once, and if there is still no winner, repeated an additional time (making a total of three, including the very first attempt, at this height). If no winner is determined at this point, then the division is considered a draw, and gold medals awarded to each drawing competitor.
A competitor may be disqualified for the following actions:
• Lifting both feet off of the floor at the same time during kicking (i.e. jumping);
• Using any part of the body except the foot to contact the target;
• Falling over at any point during kicking (defined as putting any part of their body onto the floor, other than their foot/feet).
Competitors should be encouraged to begin and end in L-stance forearm guarding block position, but not penalised for omitting to do so.
Destruction events are only open to adults (i.e. those aged 18 or above on the day of the competition). Competitors will be split by gender and grade. The scoring for destruction is shown in Table 6.1 below. The event official should note which hand or foot is used by each competitor for each break, as in the event of a tie, the competitors who are tied will attempt the highest level number of boards with the opposite hand or foot (as appropriate). If none of the competitors break then a board is removed and either hand or foot is attempted until there is one winner. In the event that no clear winner can be achieved, then all of the competitors who were tied are awarded first place (1st). In the Destruction event only one gold medal is awarded per division, except where a draw is achieved. No silver or bronze medals will be awarded.
Table 6.1 – Destruction Scoring
|White (fully broken)||1|
|White (bent/half broken) – at referee’s discretion||½|
|Red (fully broken)||2|
|Red (bent/half broken) – at referee’s discretion||1|
|Black (fully broken)||3|
|Black (bent/half broken) – at referee’s discretion||1½|
Tables 6.2 and 6.3 show the divisions for male and female competitors respectively. Note for standing kicks – no step through is allowed.
Table 6.2 – Male destruction
|4 th & 3 rd Kup||Hand||Individual techniques may vary and will be publishedin advance of each competition|
|2 nd & 1 st Kup||Hand|
|1 st Degree +||Hand|
Table 6.3 – Female destruction
|4 th Kup – 1 st Kup||Hand||Individual techniques may vary and will be publishedin advance of each competition|
|1 st Degree +||Hand|
Competitors must specify the height at which they would like the boards to be positioned. They must then bow to the official and then start in an L-stance forearm guarding block position and have the opportunity to take a measure and refine the height of the boards. The competitor must then return to an L-stance forearm guarding block position, execute the technique and finish in an L-stance forearm guarding block position.
Only one measure will be allowed, or a failure to break will be recorded.
If a competitor fails to begin or end in L-stance forearm guarding block position, they will receive no points for that technique.
This event is intended to display the technical ability of a competitor armed with a Jang Bong (Bo staff). In this event two (2) competitors will simultaneously perform a P.U.M.A. Jang Bong pattern.
This event is open to all ages and grades that have graded and passed within the P.U.M.A. Jang Bong syllabus. The grades are split into coloured belts and black belts; and the ages split into junior and adult divisions, making a total of four divisions. A first (1 st ), second (2 nd ) and two third (3 rd ) place medals will be awarded (if numbers allow).
Competitors will choose either Jang Bong pattern 1, 2 or 3. The competitors may change pattern between rounds. Two competitors will compete at the same time; The competitors will bow to the judges (of which there are typically five, but three is also permissable) and inform the centre official of their choice pattern. Upon completion of the pattern, the competitors will be called back to their starting position. The centre judge will then call for the judges to indicate their choice of competitor to proceed to the next round. The referee will indicate the overall winner based on the judges votes. In the event of a draw the competitors will chose a second, different, pattern. If a competitor does not know a second pattern then they will repeat their initial pattern.
The Kickboxing Drill event is available to all P.U.M.A. students aged 7 and above. It is designed to demonstrate the technical aspects of P.U.M.A. kickboxing. The Kickboxing Drill is a two-person event, in which pairs will compete against each other. Mixed gender pairs are allowed.
There are two divisions in the kickboxing drill event: white belt up to and including blue stripe; and blue belts and above. Each pair will perform the P.U.M.A. kickboxing drill of the lowest graded competitor. Competitors performing drill 1 or 2 will be required to wear:
• Hand wraps
• Gum shield
Head guards are optional.
Competitors performing drill 3 or above will be required to wear:
• Hand wraps
• Gum shield
• Shin and forearm guards
Foot guards and head guards are optional.
Each pair will walk out, face the judges, be called to attention and bow. One student will then announce what drill they will be performing. The pair will then face each other, come to attention and then bow. The pair will then assume a guard position with either the left or the right leg back. One student will initiate the drill a total of three times, with the other student demonstrating the appropriate responses. The pair will then change roles and repeat the procedure. It is anticipated that the pair will be moving around the available space in a manner similar to free-sparring. Once the pair have completed the sequence, they will face each other, come to attention and bow, face the judges, come to attention and bow, step four paces backwards and then leave the drill area. Once all pairs have performed the judges will then confer to decide upon a first, second and third place pair. The results will be announced when the competitors have assembled in the competition area, following the completion of the judge’s conference.
This event is intended to display the ability of a competitor to choreograph a sequence of movements performed to music. The Musical Pattern event is available to all P.U.M.A. students aged 7 and above. Each competitor performs their Musical Pattern in turn.
Music must be used. The choreography of the pattern and the music used must link together to reflect the tempo and interpretation. This is of high importance. Weapons (see below) are allowed at the discretion of the competitor. Theatrical costumes are not allowed. The use of stage props is not allowed. All Martial Arts, tumbling and tricking skills are acceptable.
The duration of the musical pattern must be at least 45 seconds but not exceed 60 seconds . This should allow the music to finish at a natural break rather than abruptly, it will also give the more experienced practitioner some scope to constructively fill the maximum time if required. The time starts with the first move of the pattern, not the announcement. A time keeper may be appointed.
When using weapons: Competitors are only permitted to use a Jang Bong or Nunchukas (unless stated in the particular event rules). All weapons must be safe and clean. The judges have the right to inspect weapons prior to the competitor starting the pattern. A maximum of three releases are permitted, a penalty of 0.5 marks will be deducted for each additional release by each judge. If a weapon is to be used then it must be utilised for at least 80% of the duration of the pattern.
Gymnastic type movements are permissible, provided that they are practical and in keeping with the interpretation of the pattern. However this is not a gymnastic or dance contest and only a total of four of these movements will be permitted. A penalty of 0.5 marks will be deducted for each additional gymnastic or dance technique by each judge.
9.2. Scoring Criteria
Judges will mark the pattern on:
• Synchronisation to the music
• Interpretation of the music
• Correct stances and technique
• Degree of difficulty applicable to grade
• Power and focus
Movements of the pattern must be accented and performed in conjunction with specific beats, notes, words within the piece of music used. Simply performing a pattern to music or a song is not satisfactory. Correct techniques and stances must be utilised. If a weapon is used, Judges will also mark the pattern on the manipulation of the weapon. Movements of any chosen weapon must be under control at all times and synchronised to the music. If additional sound effects are added to music, the pattern should not be solely choreographed to these added sound effects. The music and any added sound effects should appropriately match each other, and set the overall mood of the performance.
During the course of, or following, an event a competitor may wish to challenge a decision or log a grievance. Should this be the case, the following procedure must be followed.
Complaints can only be made on points of procedure and NOT on judge’s decisions . A complaint will only be successful if officials were not compliant with the competition rules.
The person wishing to query a point of procedure or log a grievance must first wait for an appropriate moment to do so, after the round in question has completed. Where possible competitors or parents should channel any grievance through their instructor, if they are in attendance. The matter should be brought to the attention of, in the first instance, the referee in charge of the ring in which the alleged offence took place. If satisfaction is not achieved then the Senior Official can be approached, where the matter may be recorded for the purposes of further clarification and for lessons learnt after the competition.
If a decision which is challenged would have affected the outcome of an event, but the next round of that event has started then, whilst the Senior Official may give feedback to the officials in question, no change to the outcome can be made. The matter will be used to educate officials in future events.
The tone with which the complainant addresses any official should always be considered as P.U.M.A. will not tolerate physical or verbal abuse, or attempted intimidation of its officials. P.U.M.A. withholds the right to ban anyone from its events for any length of time it deems appropriate.
These rules can also be downloaded in full P.U.M.A. Domestic Tournament Rules v2a Nov 17